Mary Heaps

Workday Wednesday – Smith Buckley (1848-1913)

Smith Buckley is my 1st cousin 3x removed. Our common ancestors are Thomas Buckley and Henrietta Mason, my 3x great grandparents. That makes Smith a nephew of my 2x great grandparents James Buckley and Sarah Tattersall.

Smith was born sometime in the first quarter of 1848 in Bingley, West Yorkshire. He was the second of seven children to William Buckley and Mary Heaps.

Sometime in the second quarter of 1867 Smith married Margaret Day in Bradford, West Yorkshire. Over the next 21 years they had seven children.

In the 1871 census Smith is working as a “mechanic”. I know from the following newspaper article that at some point in the next eight years he started working for Geo. Hattersley & Sons as “foreman mechanic”.

On Monday 30 December 1878 Smith was involved in a very nasty accident at work. The Keighley News reported on the event on 4 January 1879.

Smith Buckley - Keighley News 4 January 1879.png

Taken from the British Newspaper Archive website


A VERY NARROW ESCAPE – A man named Smith Buckley (30), living at Spring Row, Haworth, who works as foreman mechanic for Messrs Geo Hattersley and sons, at Mytholmes Mill, had a marvellously narrow escape from being fatally injured while at work on Monday morning. The mill is partially worked by water-power, and during the recent frost a large water-wheel, which is in constant use, had been stationary. The thaw caused it to move again, the buckets being full of snow, and a segment in one of the chain of wheels was broken. While Buckley and another workman were attending to it, props were used to retain it in position, and as one piece of wood was being substituted for another, the support gave way, and Buckley was caught between the wall and one of the spokes of the revolving wheel. He managed to shift himself into a less perilous position before the next spoke came round, but he was taken round with the wheel four or five times before it came to a stand, only narrowly avoiding a fatal termination to the accident. The inhabitants of Spring Row, which is opposite, saw the whole occurrence. The unfortunate man, whose left leg was shattered below the knee in a shocking manner, was conveyed to the Keighley Cottage Hospital, where Dr. Jack, who attended to him, found amputation at the knee joint necessary. He had also sustained severe bruises all over the body, but there were no other fractures. The case is progressing favourably towards recovery. The injured man has a wife and four children depending on him.

I think it’s fair to say that life was going to be very much more difficult for Smith and his family after the accident and the loss of his leg. So this must have been a very worrying time for them.

I know from another newspaper report that Smith was a member of the Amalgamated Society of Engineers (ASE). The history of the union can be traced back to the formation of the Journeymen Steam Engine, Machine Makers’ and Millwrights’ Friendly Society, in 1826, popularly known as the “Old Mechanics”.

In 1920 the ASE was one of several unions that came together to form the Amalgamated Engineering Union (AEU).

Anyway, back to Smith, and life after his accident.

On the 4 May 1880 the Bradford Observer reported on a meeting the previous evening of the Amalgamated Society of Engineers.

Smith Buckley - Bradford Observer 4 May 1880.png

Taken from the British Newspaper Archive website


Yesterday evening, a large meeting was held in the hall of the Mechanics’ Institute, Keighley. The meeting was convened by the members of the Keighley Branch of the Amalgamated Society of Engineers, for the purpose of presenting Mr Smith Buckley, of Haworth, one of their members, who met with an accident which caused the loss of his leg, with the sum of £100. Mr J Summerscales, of Keighley, occupied the chair, and impressed upon his audience the necessity for rendering better support to the Cottage Hospital in the town. Mr John Burnett, general secretary to the London society, spoke of the benefit which trades unions had had in raising the position of the working classes and in improving the trade of the country. Mr D Guile, of London, also addressed the meeting. Mr Henry Mitchell, president of the Bradford Chamber of Commerce, made the presentation, and spoke of the relation of England with foreign countries. The usual complimentary votes brought the meeting to a close.

Over the next thirty years Smith had various occupations listed in the census returns:-

1881 – Beerhouse keeper at the Princess Hotel, Duncan Street, Bradford. He made the newspapers again during his time as landlord for allowing drunkeness on his premises.

1891 – Furniture broker

1901 – Machine fitter

1911 – Textile fitter

I have enormous pride and respect for Smith. It seems as though he was courageous, determined and very hard working.

Smith died at the age of 65 and was buried in Utley Cemetery, Keighley on 9 July 1913.

Tombstone Tuesday – William Buckley (1824-1887) & Mary Heaps (1826-1890)

This is the gravestone of my 2x great grand uncle William Buckley and his wife Mary Heaps.

I took the photograph last week when I visited Utley Cemetery at Keighley in West Yorkshire.  The grave is plot number 58 in Section F Con. and was bought by Mary Buckley.

William was born about 1824 in Keighley to parents Thomas Buckley and Henrietta Mason.  He first appears in the 1841 census living with his parents.

Mary Heaps was born about 1826 also in Keighley.  I haven’t any firm evidence about her parents.  There is a Mary Heap (no “s”) in the 1841 census who is a good candidate.  I could always get William and Mary’s marriage certificate and see if that helps – but to be honest this isn’t a priority.

Anyway, William and Mary married sometime in the first quarter of 1844 and the marriage is registered in Keighley.

Over the next twenty one years they had at least 7 children

  1. Thomas – c1846
  2. Smith – c1848
  3. James – c1850
  4. Lettice – c1855
  5. Ann – 1857
  6. Pamela – c1859
  7. William – c1865

There are some gaps in the years that might suggest they had other children who died young and didn’t show up in any census.

I have found the family on the census returns for 1851 in Bingley (about four miles from Keighley),1861 and 1871 in Keighley, and 1881 back in Bingley.  William worked as a “blacksmith” throughout all this time.

William died on 12th March 1887 and Mary on 22nd June 1890.  According to the information from Utley Cemetery Mary’s name at the time of her death / burial was Parker.  I haven’t been able to find a marriage for Mary Buckley to a Parker in the period from 1887 to 1890.  So that mystery is still to be solved.

The grave also includes the remains of Thomas Buckley (son) who died at the Keighley Workhouse Infirmary in December 1899; James (son) who died in August 1904 and his wife Margaret Ann Pickles who died in September 1932.

Memorial Inscription

In Affectionate Memory of

William Buckley

of Keighley

who died March 12th 1887

in his 64th year

“In the midst of life, we are in death”

Also of Mary, wife of the above

who died June 22nd 1890 aged 64 years