1818 Thomas Darby and Sarah Miles were married at Kinver in Staffordshire. They are my wife’s 3x great grandparents
This is a postcard of Croft Mill in Cowling, West Yorkshire. The postcard is unused and undated. There is no printer or publisher name although it looks to be from the same range as another one in my collection by F. Frith & Co. Ltd of Reigate.
The mill was owned and run by John Binns & Son Ltd. (1852-1971). The mill was built on land behind the Bay Horse Inn known as “The Croft”. A history of the mill was published in a book called Binns – A Weaving Century. After more than a hundred years of production and eventual take over by big business tycoons the doors were closed for the last time on 17 July 1971.
The mill was demolished between 1971 and 1972 and houses now stand where once stood a piece of history from the industrial revolution.
1897 Alfred Dawson was born in Keighley, West Yorkshire. His parents were William Dawson and Jane Robinson. Alfred is my 2nd cousin 1x removed.
1804 Barbara Overton was born in Yorkshire. Her parents were Henry Overton and Mary Watson. Barbara is the sister-in-law of my 3rd great grand uncle.
1805 Martha Hurtley was born in Gargrave, Yorkshire. Her parents were Thomas Hurtley and Hannah Braidley. Martha is my 2nd great grand aunt.
1871 Harry (Henry) Dawson was born in Sutton in Craven, West Yorkshire. His parents were Martin Dawson and Margare Spencer. Harry is my 1st cousin 2x removed.
When I was at a bit of a loose end over the weekend I thought I would have a trawl through my database and see if I could come up with a recorded occupation for all letters of the alphabet.
I realised pretty quickly that unless I had someone who worked in a zoo or made / played the xylophone I would come up short. Anyway in the end I was left with X, Y and Z. I thought I must be able to get something for Y – especially coming from Yorkshire, but no luck.
Here’s my list with some examples from the census returns. CAN YOU DO ANY BETTER? Let me know.
|A||Agricultural Labourer; Asylum Attendant|
|B||Blacksmith; Butcher; Builder; Baker|
|C||Crofter; Carter; Coal Dealer; Collier|
|D||Domestic Servant; Dressmaker|
|E||Engine Tenter; Earthenware Painter|
|F||Fence Waller; Farmer; Farm Labourer; Forge Man|
|G||General Labourer; Gardener; Grocer|
|H||Housekeeper; Hawker; Hatter|
|I||Inn Keeper; Iron Worker|
|J||Journeyman Tailor; Jobbing Smith|
|L||Linsey Weaver; Limeburner|
|M||Miner; Mangler: Marine Fitter|
|N||Nail Maker; Nurse; National Benefit Trust Agent|
|P||Power Loom Weaver (Worsted); Paper Maker; Potter; Preacher|
|R||Rag Gatherer; Railway Plate Layer|
|S||Stone Waller; Sawyer; Servant; Shoe Maker; Shepherd|
|T||Tollgate Keeper; Tailor; Tobacconist|
|W||Warpdresser; Washerwoman: Wagon Fitter|
1865 Charles William Britcliffe was born in Lincolnshire. His parents were Thomas Britcliffe and Jane Johnson. Charles is my wife’s 1st great grand uncle.
William is my 2nd cousin 3x removed. He was born in Cowling on 13 June 1851. His parents were James Wright Dawson (1825-1893) and Mary Thompson (1825-1891). He was the third of five children. The other children were – Thompson (c1846), Alice (c1848), Dinah (5 May 1853) and Martha (22 September 1857)
In the 1861 census William is living at home with his parents and siblings at an address in Middleton (a part of Cowling which at that time was not much more than two rows of terrace cottages). At the age of 9 he is shown as a scholar.
The 1871 census has the family still living in Middleton, although I can’t say whether or not they are in the same house as neither census shows a house number. William is working as a “worsted weaver” as are his sisters Dinah and Martha. The two older children have moved out by this time.
Elizabeth Bracewell was born about 1852/1853. The first time she appears on the census with William is 1881 and her place of birth is recorded as Cowling. I haven’t been able to locate a birth for an Elizabeth Bracewell in Cowling or any other nearby Yorkshire town around that time.
I have found an Elizabeth Bracewell on the 1861 and 1871 census returns for Great Marsden, Lancashire. This is not too far from Cowling and I know that families regularly moved across the Yorkshire/Lancashire border to live and work. So I am making an assumption here that this is the right person. Of course I could obtain the marriage certificate for William and Elizabeth and this would go a long way to resolving this for me.
Anyway, William and Elizabeth married sometime in Q4 of 1875. The marriage is registered in Skipton, North Yorkshire.
The 1881 census has them living at Well House in the village of Glusburn, about two or three miles from Cowling. William is working as a “farmer of 39 acres” and they have one son, John William who is 11 months old.
The 1891 census shows the family are still living at Well House and William continues to work as a “farmer”. Two more children have been born now – Martha Ann (c1882) and Freddie (c1885). All three children are “scholars”.
Elizabeth died on 27 November 1895 at the young age of 42. I haven’t obtained a death certificate so I have no information as to the cause of death.
By the time of the 1901 census William has given up farming and has moved to 16 Dover Street, Nelson, Lancashire (second house from the left in the photograph). He is now working as a “cotton weaver”. Two children, Martha Ann and Freddy are still at home and they are also working as “cotton weavers”.
Sometime in the next ten years William returned to farming. In the 1911 census he is living at Lane Head Farm, Laneshawbridge, Colne, Lancashire. William is shown as a “retired farmer”.
His son John William is single and living back at home working as a “dairy farmer” – I am assuming that he is now running the farm. Also living there is William’s daughter Martha Ann and her husband, John Williamson and their two children William Henry (7) and Mary E (2). Martha is shown as “housekeeper” while her husband is working as a “cotton warp dresser”.
This is the last information about William and he died on 29 January 1920.
I’m feeling a huge sense of achievement today. I have just launched the Espley One-Name study profile page on the Guild of One-Name Studies website.
There is still a long way to go before I finish collecting all the UK data for the Espley name. Then there are the two variant names – Epsley and Aspley – to start on as well as all the data from overseas.
However the project is now well and truly advertised in the best place and I hope to get contacts from other Espley researchers over the coming weeks, months and years.
Perhaps I will have a glass of red tonight to celebrate the achievement.
1862 Charles Espley was born in the Union Workshouse, Staffordshire. His mother was Martha Espley. Charles is my wife’s 2nd cousin 2x removed.
1887 Betsy Skelding was born in Lye, Staffordshire. Her parents were Imri Skelding and Sarah Ann Darby. Betsy is my wife’s paternal grandmother.
1886 Daniel Owen Espley was born in Biddulph, Staffordshire. His parents were Frederick Espley and Frances Espley (nee Owen). Daniel Owen is my wife’s paternal grandfather.